1. Avoided deforestation / REDD+
Avoidance of CO2 emissions by protecting forests: protection of existing forests, preservation of intact ecosystems and added value for the local population
According to the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), loss of forest areas is currently responsible for about 17 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions. Slowing down the high rate of deforestation and conserving existing forests is a cost-effective way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Forests are preserved as earth's carbon sinks and "air conditioning systems". The reduction of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries (REDD+; Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation) is discussed in international climate negotiations and beyond. The basic idea: Countries or regions that are willing and able to reduce their emissions caused by deforestation can sell emission certificates - thus gaining an additional source of income. In the voluntary market, REDD demonstration projects are currently garnering considerable attention.
2. Afforestation / Reforestation
Binds additional carbon, great added value for ecosystems and protection of species
Afforestation projects are forest projects that increase the carbon stock in biomass and soil by means of planting, sowing or the controlled natural distribution of trees. Non-forest is converted to forest - planting additional trees bolsters forests and their ability to store carbon. In our projects, we are devoted to natural afforestation that is appropriate for the ecosystems. Typical projects include the afforestation of conservation areas, residual areas, marginal agricultural land and degraded land.
3. Improved Forest Management
Maintaining and increasing the carbon storage capacity of forests while simultaneously using the resource timber
This project type includes activities targeted at improving the management of existing forests - forests are still used as a timber supplier but under a sustainable and climate-friendly premise. Certain forest management measures, such as sustainable, individual felling may also be part of forest conservation projects (REDD+). Existing and practiced forest management practices may be improved as part of this project. It requires the existence of forest management documentation for the respective areas (in the form of plans, maps, etc.)